ANATOMY OF THE CLADODES AND ECOLOGICAL ADAPTATION IN OPUNTIA (CACTACEAE) FROM THE PROVINCE OF BUENOS AIRES

ARGENTINA

ANATOMY OF THE CLADODES AND ECOLOGICAL ADAPTATION IN OPUNTIA (CACTACEAE) FROM THE PROVINCE OF BUENOS AIRES (ARGENTINA)
21 mayo, 2018 Sociedad argentina de botánica

TRABAJO ACEPTADO - Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica

ANA MARIA ARAMBARRI, VANESA GEORGINA PERROTTA

ANATOMY OF THE CLADODES AND ECOLOGICAL ADAPTATION IN OPUNTIA (CACTACEAE) FROM THE PROVINCE OF BUENOS AIRES (ARGENTINA)

 Recibido  01/03/2018

Aceptado 20/05/2018

Editora:  Ana María González

Resumen: In this paper we examine the cladodes anatomy of Opuntia arechavaletae, O. aurantiaca, O. bonaerensis, O. elata, O. ficus-indica, O. megapotamica, O. penicilligera, O. sulphurea var. pampeana, and O. ventanensis that grows in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. The aim of this study was to establish diagnostic features in order to deepen knowledge of ability of adaptation to the environmental. Fresh and herbarium samples were prepared according to usual methods for light microscope. Histochemical techniques were performed to identify starch, mucilage and oxalate salts. The main traits found were: epidermis smooth and uniseriate, covered by a thin cuticle and epicuticular waxes; large stomata in low density, located at level with a deep substomatal chamber; a multilayered collenchyma including crystal layer; water storage parenchyma, and in vascular bundles a special water-storage cell type, resistant to collapse, and perhaps having some water transfer function  we named ‘intermediate cells’ which form masses in the xylem of  O. megapotamica, O. penicilligera, O. sulphurea var. pampeana, and O. ventanensis, which grows in xeric, saline and stone soils.

Palabras clave: ‘intermediate cells’, segment of stems, semiarid environment, tissues.